Saturday, December 27, 2008

Conference: LLAMA/BES: Sustainable Libraries / Shades of Green

American Library Association Annual Conference / Anaheim, California / Library Administration and Management Association / Buildings and Equipment Section / Architecture for Public Libraries Committee / June 28 2008 / 8-10 AM /

Sustainable Libraries: Shades of Green

Introduction [PDF / SlideShare]

Case Study #1

North Adams (MA) Public Library / Peter Magnani [PDF / SlideShare]

Case Study #2

Ohio Township (IN) Public Library / Sarah Schuler [PDF / SlideShare]

Case Study #3

Santa Monica (CA) Public Library / Greg Mullen [PDF / SlideShare]

Case Study #4

Chrisney (IN) Branch Library ; Galveston (TX) Branch Library / Bill Brown [PDF / SlideShare]

Source

[http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/llama/lamacommittees/besb/programspublications.cfm]

Saturday, December 20, 2008

Programming: Ames Public Library: Energy Conservation Basics With The Energy Guy

Energy Conservation Basics with the Energy Guy

Ames Public Library / Saturday / January 10 2009 / 1 PM / Farwell T. Brown Auditorium

Begin the new year with some no-cost to low-cost savings ideas. Steve Wilson, the City of Ames "Energy Guy," will talk about some changes you can make at home to increase energy efficiency and save money this winter.

We'll give out free .. compact fluorescent lamps ... to help you start saving energy!

[http://www.amespubliclibrary.org/calendar/calendar_detail.asp?ID=4428]

Related

[http://www.cityofames.org/ElectricWeb/EnergyGuy/]

Friday, December 19, 2008

Conference: LJ's Green Design Institute East | December 4 2008

LJ's Green Design Institute Strikes a Chord in Connecticut

Francine Fialkoff / Library Journal / 12-15-2008 / 5:02 AM

Hard times or not, concerns about reducing the energy and space footprint of library buildings and making them sustainable remain central to libraries. Under the auspices of the Connecticut State Library and Connecticut Library Consortium, Library Journal's 'Going Green' seminar moved to the State Capitol in Hartford, CT, where some 150 librarians, architects, and product vendors gathered to discuss and plan sustainable libraries. [snip].

In two panels, architects and librarians addressed the educational potential of green libraries, the process of going green, including getting funders on board, the much quicker payback for going green, and the types of grants available. While there are still some reservations about LEED certfication because of its administrative costs, ... .[snip]

Education Is Key

Much of the focus was on community education. "Libraries can transform society," the Connecticut Clean Energy Fund's Bob Wall said in a luncheon speech. "Let people know what you're doing and why," JCJ architect and panelist Barbara Joslin told listeners. Other suggestions included having energy audits not just for the library, but for patrons to do themselves, and lending energy meters. [snip]

In addition to the panels, librarians, trustees, and others also participated in breakout sessions focusing on design "challenges" submitted by attendees. Each session was led by a different architectural firm and incorporated sustainable solutions. Granby PL, CT, wanted to renovate and expand its current facility [snip] Gwinnett County PL, GA [snip] and Hauppauge PL, NY, faced the happy prospect of building anew. Kingsport PL, TN [snip] and Norfolk PL, VA, were grappling with linking an old and new (or newer) structures while retaining period architecture. [snip]

The free, day-long program was made possible by the support of architectural firms and product vendors. [snip]

A complete list of sponsors, presenters, panelists, videos of the event, and green resources ... [is available].

Source


Thursday, December 18, 2008

Article: Library Journal Editorial: Seeing Green

Libraries are perfectly suited to be incubators for energy conservation

By Francine Fialkoff, Editor-in-Chief -- Library Journal, 1/15/2008

When you're pregnant, all you see is other pregnant women. When you've got a toddler, there they are, no matter where you turn. Last month, LJ headed to Chicago for its second annual Design Institute, this one on "Going Green," and ever since, I've been seeing green—and so have many of the 115 or so librarians who attended. [snip]

However, more important than the pictures we saw and the terms we picked up, we came away inspired to make our library buildings green and, beyond that critical local contribution, to use the individual and combined power of libraries in a whole new way and with a new direction. Nothing short of saving the planet from climate change will do, as luncheon speaker Sadhu Johnston, Chicago's chief environmental officer, put it. [snip]

.... [T]here's a long, long way for libraries to go to have an impact on the environment. There's so much to discover—and so much we could only begin to touch upon—that when attendees were asked to suggest topics for next year, many responded emphatically, "More green.". [snip]

The institute was a start on "how to do it" for many of those who were present, but it also made them aware of the expanding green universe. They want to know more about green products, regional materials, recycled goods, greening existing buildings, and remodeling/repurposing/recycling. [snip]

Libraries are aptly suited to take on that role, and the action plans many attendees came up with indicate they're thinking along those lines. In follow-up emails after the Design Institute, librarians reported that they are incorporating sustainable design or LEED certification into their upcoming projects and long-range plans, but they're also doing presentations for their executive leadership teams, boards, mayors, and other local leaders to bring them on board and put the library squarely in the middle of the broader green strategy.

Several mentioned their intention to use green buildings as demonstration projects, "educational models" for their locales, where residents can "see" energy-savings devices.

"Libraries need to engage every visitor, [they need to] lead by example," Johnston said. "That's a major way [librarians] can help your community." Libraries are already places for lifelong learning, and they provide users with the knowledge they need to make informed decisions. There's no better place to model best practices for sustainable design, to be incubators for reduced energy consumption, to be educators for a whole range of new ideas than the library.

Source

[http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6515841.html]

Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Book: Environmental Law: Green Buildings and Sustainable Development

Current Critical Issues In Environmental Law: Green Buildings and Sustainable Development

Authors: Mark J Bennett; J Cullen Howe; James L Newman / Publisher: LexisNexis Matthew Bender / Format: Book / ISBN: 9781422424537 ; 1422424537 / 2008 / xii, 54 pp. / $ 75.00

The era of green building has arrived! Buildings have a major impact on the environment and use large amounts of energy and other resources. A recent study found that buildings in the United States account for 39% of total energy use, 12% of total water consumption, 68% of total electricity consumption, and 38% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Green buildings, on the other hand, are built to efficiently use land and energy, conserve water, improve indoor and outdoor air quality, conserve resources, and increase the use of recycled materials, all of which lead to reduced operating costs that enhance the overall value of such buildings.

With this new pamphlet, you’ll get an overview of some of the leading drivers behind the green building revolution as well as legislative and regulatory efforts to guide its course.

  • Find out what makes buildings green

  • Review examples of green building practices

  • Learn about the pros and cons of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) rating system

  • Familiarize yourself with the federal, state and local initiatives applicable to green building, and

  • Get practical advice on avoiding risks before entering into green building projects

Along with discussion of the legal issues, you’ll also get handy reference materials including a bibliography of relevant books and articles and a directory of useful websites such as those of the United States Green Building Council and the Energy Star® Program.

§ 1.01 Introduction

[1] What Makes Buildings “Green?”

[2] Environmental Impact of Building

[3] Benefits of “Green” Buildings

§ 1.02 Green Building Practices

§ 1.03 Green Rating Systems

§ 1.04 Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®)

[1] Background and Development of LEED

[2] LEED Rating Systems

[3] LEED Certification

[4] Criticisms of LEED

[5] Transactional LEED Considerations
[a] Introduction
[b] First Consideration—Which LEED Rating System Applies?
[c] Second Consideration—Which Version of LEED Applies?
[d] Third Consideration—What Is the Rating Goal Within the Particular Rating System?
[e] Fourth Consideration—Long-Term Compliance

§ 1.05 Federal Government Initiatives

[1] Overview

[2] EPA’s Energy Star® Program

[3] Energy Policy Act of 1992

[4] Executive Order 13123

[5] Energy Policy Act of 2005

[6] Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)

[7] Executive Order 13423[8] Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

§ 1.06 State Initiatives

[1] Introduction

[2] Publicly Owned or Financed Buildings
[a] Aspirational Legislation

[b] Laws and Initiatives Mandating Implementation of Green Building Standards

[3] Privately-Owned or Financed Buildings
[a] Aspirational Legislation

[b] Legislation Mandating Implementation of Green Building Standards

[4] Legislation Affecting Both the Public and Private Sectors

[5] Green Building Tax Incentives

[6] State Energy Codes

§ 1.07 Local Initiatives

[1] Introduction

[2] Municipal Laws and Regulations Regarding Public Buildings

[3] Municipal Laws and Regulations Regarding Private Buildings

[4] Municipal Laws Affecting Both Public and Private Buildings

§ 1.08 Non-Governmental Initiatives

§ 1.09 Common Legal Issues Involved in Green Construction

[1] Background

[2] “Green” Certification

[3] Liability for Design Professionals

[4] Selection of Design Professionals

[5] Accurate Survey of Existing State and Local Green Building Legislation

[6] Incorporating Green Elements into Construction Adds Additional Layer of Complexity

[7] Warranty and Guaranty Language

[8] Negotiating Agreements

[9] Performance Contracts

§ 1.10 Bibliography

[1] Books

[2] Articles

§ 1.11 Internet Directory

Source / Order Option

[http://www.lexisnexis.com/store/catalog/productdetail.jsp?prodId=71521]

Related

[http://www.millercanfield.com/news-399.html]

Sunday, December 14, 2008

Guidelines: What Green Design Elements Work For Libraries

Collaboration

Community collaboration is important in sustainable design, to assure the best use of community assets and help sustain public support. [snip] Collaboration among design disciplines also benefits from early participation in community project planning sessions.

Daylight

Well-designed daylighting paired with sensor-controlled artificial lighting can reduce energy bills while making library spaces more healthful and delightful. [snip].

Green Materials

Rapidly renewable materials like cork, linoleum, wood, and other durable traditional materials are making a comeback. [snip]

Green Roofs

Roof areas need not be ugly. They can be enjoyed as living habitats or habitable reading gardens. Long roof life and reduced energy costs offset initial high installation costs. [snip]

Raised Floor Systems

Raised floor plenum delivery of conditioned air allows for optimal energy efficiency and comfort while providing flexibility for future rewiring.

Energy Efficiency

Pay for comfort, not for gas or electricity. Energy efficient libraries save money every month, ... .

Natural Ventilation

Studies have shown that operable windows increase the comfort zone of users by eight degrees, even if they are never opened. [snip]

Green Power and Renewable Energy

Photovoltaic panels and windmills may not yet pan out as cost effective investments, but demonstration projects utilizing renewable energy are grant magnets that can change the economic equation for a library project. [snip]

Indoor Environmental Quality

The days of dark, musty, windowless stacks are history. Your new library should come without the new library smell and the respiratory system complications that go with it.

/ Inset / The New Green Standard / Bill Brown /
/ Library Journal / 12/15/2003 /

[http://thegreenlibraryblog.blogspot.com/2008/12/article-new-green-standard.html]

Article: The New Green Standard

With the LEED™ rating system in place it is easier to make sure your new library saves money as it treads lightly on natural resources

Bill Brown / Library Journal / 12 / 15/ 2003

Libraries are on the cutting edge of green design. Long the lonely mission of environmentally responsible architects, green architecture grew out of a desire to lessen the negative environmental impacts of conventional buildings, which use nearly half the energy consumed in this country. Many other benefits have been discovered along the way. [snip]

Historically, this comprehensive, collaborative design process—variously labeled as green, environmentally sustainable, or high-performance design—has suffered from a lack of standards. In 2000, the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) formulated the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED™) rating system to certify green buildings, ... .

Well-designed green buildings cost less to operate and maintain than conventionally constructed buildings. They use less energy and natural resources. They are better integrated into their sites and communities. They are more comfortable, enjoy more daylight, ... .

These spaces often require a slightly greater investment in design and construction costs, though there are exceptions. [snip]. In any case, these buildings pay off through a lifetime of return on that initial investment. LEED™-ing the way LEED™ scores projects in six categories including Sustainable Sites, Water Efficiency, Energy and Atmosphere, Materials and Resources, Indoor Environmental Quality, and Innovation & Design. Of 69 possible points, projects must get 26 to be certified, 33 to be certified silver, 39 to be certified gold, and 52 to be certified platinum. Certification is given after the building is complete to assure that predicted performance has been achieved. [snip]

While a handful of high-profile green projects were completed prior to the establishment of the USGBC ten years ago and many continue to be completed without using the rating system, LEED™ is gaining momentum as the standard for green design. [snip]

Requests for proposals (RFPs) for public projects now routinely require candidates to list their LEED™ experience and expertise. This rapid entry of LEED™ into the mainstream has created a rush among architecture and engineering firms to gain competence and experience in green design, one of USGBC's goals. [snip]

Early Collaboration

The idea that all design decisions are interrelated is especially true with green design. This requires early collaboration among design disciplines (and possibly with community entities), which goes against standard practice in many architecture firms. [snip]

The selection of a lighter ceiling color, for example, can improve the performance of lighting, both natural and artificial. Thus, the library will need fewer fixtures or smaller window apertures. This reduces the heating and cooling load, which then calls for smaller mechanical equipment and ducts. [snip]

Site selection, important for any project, is critical for green design. LEED™ encourages urban redevelopment because of the infrastructure already in place. Alternative transportation is usually possible. [snip]. And an urban site contributes to the big picture: there will be lower impact on the urban heat island effect and a limited increase in light pollution. In turn, LEED™ discourages the use of greenfield sites, or undeveloped land.

Site selection also influences building design. Opportunities to orient the building for optimum solar exposure, for instance, can enhance the power of daylighting and significantly improve energy efficiency. [snip]

Energy is LEED™'s Middle Name

A core goal of green design is to produce buildings that use significantly less energy. Such buildings create less pollution. They also deplete fewer nonrenewable resources and cause less damage from the extraction and transportation of those resources.

Using existing industry standards as benchmarks, LEED™ awards points for energy efficiency savings. Up to ten points are awarded for besting the standards by 60 percent in a new building and 50 percent in an existing one. Other energy-related points come when buildings employ renewable energy like solar or wind power, undergo additional building commissioning (independent testing), eliminate ozone-depleting refrigerants, or measure and verify monitoring and use of green power ... .

The design for energy efficiency requires coordination with other disciplines to optimize the building envelope (walls, glazing, roofing), lighting, and controls. [snip]

[snip] LEED™ documentation requires research into material origins and life cycle, and the system awards points for use of materials with reused and recycled content. To support local economies and decrease transportation impacts, LEED™ values materials manufactured locally or within a 500-mile radius. [snip]

The system requires that green projects include areas dedicated to recycling. LEED™ also encourages the reuse of buildings, which means historic renovation projects can score as well as new construction. [snip]

Let Mother Nature Work

Andrew Carnegie asked that libraries designed under his grants include 'a representation of the rays of a rising sun, and above 'LET THERE BE LIGHT.'' Turn of the century libraries, like those built 2000 years earlier, made the most of natural daylight and natural ventilation, two hallmarks of current green design. [snip]

Now it is common knowledge that poor indoor environments can be life-threatening. However, few building owners consider the benefits of good indoor environments, which have a documented positive impact on health, productivity, human performance, learning, mood, comfort, and employee retention. [snip] LEED™ calls for a minimum for indoor air quality and control of environmental tobacco smoke. A building wins points for CO2 monitoring, increased ventilation effectiveness, indoor air quality management plans, use of low-emitting materials, indoor chemical and pollutant source control, controllable heating and cooling systems, thermal comfort, and available daylight and views.

[snip] Aided by new glazing technology, intelligent lighting controls, and sophisticated daylighting and energy analysis software, green designers can fine-tune building envelopes to take advantage of high-quality sunlight while controlling heat loss or gain.

What Are The Hurdles?

LEED™ certification can be complicated, and critics have found it cumbersome and sometimes inconsistent. It also adds immediate expenses to a project. [snip]. Prerequisites for LEED™ certification include basic building commissioning, which is not yet standard practice in many regions. In addition, design fees typically rise owing to the need to spend more time on design and construction phase meetings, research, and documentation. [snip]

The good news is that standard construction documents now incorporate LEED™ requirements, and new computerized reporting templates in LEED™ 2.1 have streamlined documentation. [snip].

When planning a project, consider hiring an experienced green design firm or at least make sure the design team includes a knowledgeable green design consultant. Then incorporate any additional certification costs into the initial project budgets. The USGBC has a listing of LEED™–accredited professionals [http://www.usgbc.org] Also, the American Institute of Architects [http://www.aia.org/] offers an excellent tutorial on writing green RFPs, which includes guidelines and examples of actual RFPs and feedback from users of those RFPs.

A Greener Future

[snip]

[snip] If we reach a point where all new and existing buildings are LEED™–certified, we will still be wasting our finite resources. Truly green architecture will exist when we are designing buildings that restore fresh water and air and produce more energy than they consume. That is a challenge that enlightened librarians can help us meet, one building at a time.

[snip]

Bill Brown, AIA, LEED™ Accredited Professional, is Director of Architecture at Veazey Parrott Durkin & Shoulders, Evansville, INSource

[http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA339607.html]

Journal: Sustainability: The Journal of Record

SUSTAINABILITY: The Journal of Record meets the needs of the rapidly growing community of professionals in academia, industry, policy, and government who have the responsibility and commitment to advancing one of the major imperatives of this young century.

The Journal provides the information and resources to foster collaboration, between sustainability managers, educators, corporate executives, administrators, policy makers, economists, and technology innovators who have the mandate to address and move forward the imperatives of the preservation and sustainability of global resources.

Sustainability covers:

  • Sustainability in higher education

  • Implementing corporate sustainability programs

  • Integration of environmental, social, human, and economic goals

  • Sustainable products, food, and agriculture

  • Design, construction, and operation of high-performance green buildings

  • Development of laws and policy

  • Government and nonprofit initiatives

  • New collaborations and opportunities
Every issue includes:
  • News and commentary

  • Innovators in sustainability

  • Profiles of corporate sustainability programs

  • Tools for implementing sustainability programs on campus

  • Provocative roundtable discussions

  • Peer reviewed papers

  • Books, web, and other resources

  • New products

  • Meetings and conferences

Source


Sample Articles


Published in cooperation with the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE)


Blog: Library Layout: The Green Library

The Green Library / December 4, 2008 / Konrad Maziarz


Libraries are already places for lifelong learning, and they provide users with the knowledge they need to make informed decisions. There’s no better place to model best practices for sustainable design, to be incubators for reduced energy consumption, to be educators for a whole range of new ideas than the library.

Francine Fialkoff / Editor in Chief / Library Journal / 01/15/2008

In an ever-increasing eco-friendly society, the library must lead by example. Libraries need to modify or design new buildings to meet this ever increasing necessity for society. Although the Greening effort has less to do with the layout of the interior of the library, it has become one of the most important decision factors when designing libraries.

What Is A Green Building?

A green building is a building that is concerned with a high priority on health, environmental and resource conservation. Green Designs emphasize environmental resource and occupant health concerns:

  • Reduce human exposure to noxious materials

  • Conserve non-renewable energy and scarce materials

  • Minimize life-cycle ecological impact of energy and materials used

  • Use renewable energy and materials that are sustainably harvested

  • Protect and restore local air, water, soils, flora and fauna

  • Support pedestrians, bicycles, mass transit and other alternatives to fossil-fueled vehicles

(Why Green Building Design, 2008)

Why Sould Libraries Go Green?

As mentioned earlier libraries must lead by example, buildings are symbols for future generations; the symbols and attitudes of the creators are used to influence the attitudes of future generations and visitors. Green libraries are built to last, be flexible enough to respond to changing functional demands, provide an environment that is inspiring and safe, and perform efficiently (Sands, 2005). The aim of a green building is to develop and use sustainable and energy-efficient resources in the construction, maintenance, and long-term life of a structure. [snip]

[snip]

How To Go Green

GREEN SITING AND LAND USE

  • Redevelop Urban Areas

  • Alternative Transportation

  • Reduce Heat Islands

  • Reduce Light Pollution

  • Improve night sky visibility

GREEN ENERGY AND ATMOSPHERE

  • Optimize Energy Performance

  • Promote Renewable Energy

  • Commission your building

GREEN MATERIALS

  • Reuse Buildings

  • Manage Construction Waste

  • Reuse Resources

  • Use Recycling/Recycled Content

  • Specify Regional Materials

  • Use Certified Wood

GREEN INDOOR ENVIRONMENT

  • Assure Ventilation Effectiveness

  • Daylight and Views

(Plagmann, 2006)

Source

[http://librarylayout6010.wordpress.com/2008/12/04/the-green-library/]

Book: Sustainable Library Design

Sands, Johanna. Sustainable Library Design. [Cerritos, Calif?]: Libris Design Project, 2004.

Architects are coming back to an ideological middle ground between advanced technology and traditional systems. For many years, architects have relied on mechanical systems to solve the indoor environmental and energy use problems that their aesthetically centered designs created. As a culture, we are coming face to face with the limitations of the technology that we have placed so much faith in. We are finding a need for using that technology appropriately, and in a way that supports design that is wisely collaborative with the laws of nature.

Rather than suggest that we return to a primitive state, this shift suggests that we take inspiration from nature's design to use technology wisely to support design informed by thousands of years of experience. It is essential to keep in mind that sustainable architecture is no different, in theory, from intelligent architecture. The challenge of building with minimal impact on resources provides architects with an opportunity to redirect their focus on elegantly simple design solutions, responsive to site, climate, and culture.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION .... 2

2. WHY ARE WE CONCERNED ABOUT BUILDINGS AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT?.... 2

3. WHY SHOULD LIBRARIES BE SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS? .... 4

4. UNDERSTANDING SUSTAINABLE DESIGN IN THE LARGER CONTEXT ..... 5
4.1 THE TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE ..... 5
4.2 THE NATURAL STEP .... 6
4.3 MCDONOUGH BRAUNGART DESIGN CHEMISTRY ..... 7


5. INTRODUCTION TO THE USGBC ..... 7

6. AREAS OF IMPACT..... 9
6.1 SUSTAINABLE SITES ..... 9
6.2 WATER EFFICIENCY ..... 11
6.3 ENERGY AND ATMOSPHERE ..... 12
6.4 MATERIALS ..... 14
6.5 INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ..... 16


7. INTEGRATED DESIGN TEAM APPROACH ..... 17

8. CASE STUDIES ..... 19
8.1 PHOENIX CENTRAL LIBRARY; PHOENIX, ARIZONA ..... 19
8.2 LIBRARY AT MT. ANGEL ABBEY; MT. ANGEL, OREGON ..... 20
8.3 DELFT UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY LIBRARY; DELFT, NETHERLANDS ..... 21
8.4 LIBRARY AND CULTURAL CENTER; HERTEN, GERMANY ..... 22


9. GLOSSARY OF SUSTAINABILITY TERMINOLOGY ..... 23

10. FURTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION ..... 23

11. CONTRIBUTORS ..... 25

Sustainable Library Design. This material has been created by Johanna Sands, AIA and provided through the Libris Design Project [http://www.librisdesign.org/], supported by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act, administered in California by the State Librarian. Any use of this material should credit the author and funding source.

Full-Text Available At

Friday, December 12, 2008

Article: Green IT 101

Green IT 101: Technology Helps Businesses and Colleges Become Enviro-Friendly

By Alan Naditz

[snip]


It’s All in the Wording

The exact definition of “Green IT” depends on where you look or who you talk to. Webopedia defines it as “the study and usage of computer resources in an efficient way.” Simon Mingay, a consultant with Stamford, CT-based information technology research firm Gartner Inc., has a more convoluted term: “Optimal use of information and communication technology for managing the environmental sustainability of enterprise operations and the supply chain, as well as that of its products, services, and resources throughout their life cycles.” Either way, the basic element is the same: Technology can be a key part of a company’s effort to promote sustainability within itself and to the public.

[snip]

The most common—and easiest—way to begin the green tech process is to update the equipment, particularly computer systems.

[snip]

Desktop power management—the second Green IT effort typically followed by businesses and colleges — ... .

[snip]

Thin Is In—Again

The quest to save energy is even resurrecting an old idea: The use of “dumb terminals,” or thin clients, in place of fully functional PCs. These limited capability machines, designed for specific tasks and lacking their own true hard drives, consume about 10 percent of the power of the everyday computer, according to Framingham, MA-based technology research firm IDC. Dozens, even hundreds, can be networked to a server that hosts most of their applications—similar to the DOS days of the late 1980s and early 1990s.

The Virtues of Videoconferencing

While thin client terminals are making a comeback, businesses are also giving a second glance to web- and videoconferencing, which can cut down employee travel times and company expenses.

[snip]

Share and Share Alike

Increased server use leads to another Green IT strategy: virtualization, the pooling and sharing of technology resources, including servers, storage, and networking.

“Essentially, we’re talking about the division of one physical server into multiple isolated environments,” says Frances Guida, virtualization program manager at Hewlett Packard in Cupertino, CA. “Each virtual environment has the ability to host a complete operating system. This allows companies to minimize new hardware purchases by hosting several virtual servers on one virtual server.”

[snip]

Keeping Their Cool

Ironically, companies that use virtualization are relying on other Green IT actions to make the products even more cost- and energy-effective.

[snip]

Waste Not, Want ...

Age-old bad habits: waste. Recycling programs have been in the works for years at the corporate and college levels. It was only a matter of time before the green tech side became involved.

[snip]

Breaking the Habit

But new, energy-efficient equipment is only as effective as the user’s computing habits. That’s what led to cities like Boston installing energy-controlling software. A typical PC consumes 588 kilowatt hours of electricity per year, two-thirds of which is wasted when the computer is not in use, according to Seattle-based Verdiem, developer of the Surveyor-brand energy consumption control software ... . The company also notes that 60 percent of network PCs are left running after hours in businesses, and 80 percent of end-users disable their computers’ power conservation settings after 60 days because they’re considered inconvenient.

Sidebar

How Green Is My Technology? Pretty Green, According to ACUTA Survey

Two-thirds of colleges and universities have gone or are going green by taking energy-saving and environmentally conscious steps, according to a nationwide survey of 780 community colleges, and public and private four-year institutions by Lexington, KY-based Association for Information Communications Technology Professionals in Higher Education (ACUTA). Among the schools’ pro-environment steps:

  • Eighty percent of green schools recycled computer and networking equipment instead of sending it to a landfill
  • Seventy-three percent bought more energy-efficient equipment
  • Sixty-three percent implemented a policy of reducing how much they print
  • Fifty-five percent “power off” whatever equipment they can
  • Twenty-nine percent have revamped their data centers and 20 percent have simplified their networks, both with energy savings in mind
  • Twenty-seven percent say alternative sources are providing some of the electrical power on campus
  • Twenty-five percent of schools say that at least some telecommuting is performed by faculty or staff
  • Also, to reduce the need for student travel, 22 percent of schools have implemented or expanded their distance learning programs, while 18 percent have implemented or expanded online education opportunities

Sustainabilty: The Journal of Record / V. 1 NO. 5 / October 2008 / 315-318 / DOI: 10.1089/SUS.2008.9931

Full Text Available At

[http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/SUS.2008.9931]

Article: The Green Library Movement: An Overview And Beyond

The Green Library Movement:
An Overview of Green Library Literature and Actions from 1979 to the Future of Green Libraries

Abstract

The creation of green libraries is approaching a tipping point, generating a Green Library Movement, which is comprised of librarians, libraries, cities, towns, college and university campuses committed to greening libraries and reducing their environmental impact. Constructing a green library building using a performance standard like LEED is a way some libraries are choosing to become green and sustainable. Environmental challenges like energy depletion and climate change will influence the type of information resources and programs libraries will provide to their communities.

A Call to Action

The time is right for librarians to step up and help communities become green and sustainable. “Limits to Growth,” author and sustainability expert Professor Donella Meadows listed the public library as one of the “seven-plus wonders of sustainability” (Meadows, 1999, para. 7). The role of the library is to serve its community. Communities need libraries and librarians to act as role models for sustainability by providing accurate information on all manner of green topics, from alternative building practices to renewable energy options. The time is also right for librarians to support and continue to grow the Green Library Movement.

Keywords: Green Library Movement, green, sustainable, libraries, programs, LEED, environment, peak oil, climate change

Monika Antonelli (2008) “The Green Library Movement: An Overview and Beyond”, Electronic Green Journal : Vol. 1: No. 27, Article 1.

Open Access At

[http://repositories.cdlib.org/uclalib/egj/vol1/iss27/art1]

Monday, December 1, 2008

Journal: Journal of Green Building

The Journal of Green Building ... is the first publication of its kind to present current research findings and new directions related to green building and high performance built facilities and infrastructure. The journal publishes peer-reviewed articles from authors in the fields of architecture, engineering, design, construction, facilities management, and all disciplines relevant to the life cycle of built facilities and infrastructure.

[http://www.collegepublishing.us/journal.htm]

The journal also publishes a series of articles and case studies written by practicing building professionals. These practitioner-oriented pieces offer detailed advice on how to incorporate green building approaches and technologies into future projects.

Source

[http://www.aia.org/nwsltr_print.cfm?pagename=cote_a_0605_journal]

Author's Guidelines for Paper Content and Structure

I. Author's Guidelines for Industry Articles

Practice oriented articles are written by architects, engineers, and building construction professionals with other practicing professionals in mind. These articles will be published in the Industry section of the Journal of Green Building, Part 1, and are not peer reviewed ... .

Authors are encouraged to offer a rigorous coverage of green building topics, applications, techniques, and processes. The treatment of the building, architectural, or engineering process ought to be covered in enough detail and with enough supporting examples to enable a fellow practitioner to repeat these processes in their future projects.

II. Author's Guidelines for Research Articles

Papers submitted for consideration of publication in the Journal of Green Building should advance the body of knowledge related to green, sustainable, or high performance built facilities and infrastructure systems.

Acceptable paper topics include original reviews of past practice, present information of current interest, or exploration of new concepts pertinent to green building ... .

All papers will be reviewed by at least two peers that are competent to evaluate the technical and professional quality of the work.

Topics of interest for the Journal span the whole scope of the green building domain and include, but are not limited to:
  • Indicators of sustainability for built facilities and infrastructure systems
  • Mathematical and systems modeling of facilities and infrastructure performance Integrated design and facility life cycle methods and practice
  • Innovation and performance modeling for mechanical systems, building envelopes, lighting, and other key facility systems
  • Green building materials and structural innovations
  • Building science, energy performance, and indoor environmental quality issues
  • Alternative project delivery methods for green building projects
  • Information architectures for facilities data related to green building
  • Impacts of facilities on human performance
  • Life cycle analysis and assessment methodologies and models
  • Energy systems, conservation, and generation
  • Water, stormwater, and wastewater systems
  • Historic preservation and green building
  • The built environment as industrial ecosystem
  • Deconstruction methodologies and waste management innovations
  • Sustainability and security in facility and infrastructure design
  • Prevention and sustainable mitigation of mold and other building hazards
  • Barriers to sustainability implementation
  • Economics of green building and cost models/methods
  • Operational frameworks for sustainability implementation
  • Decision making and management of tradeoffs in green building projects
  • Research and education needs to support sustainability implementation
  • Emerging technologies for sustainable facilities & infrastructure
Source

[http://www.collegepublishing.us/jgbedgl.htm]

Database: GreenFILE™: An Eco-Friendly EBSCOhost A&I Database

In keeping with our commitment to environmental consciousness, EBSCO proudly offers GreenFILE™ , a freely accessible research database focusing on the relationship between human beings and the environment, with well-researched but accessible information on topics ranging from global warming to recycling to alternate fuel sources and beyond.

Comprised of scholarly and general interest titles, as well as government documents and reports, GreenFILE™ offers a unique perspective on the positive and negative ways humans affect the ecology. Drawing on the connection between the environment and disciplines such as agriculture, education, law, health and technology, GreenFILE™ will serve as an informative resource for anyone concerned about the issues facing our planet.

[The initial release of GreenFILE™ included] A&I for more than 600 titles, including comprehensive coverage – from to volume 1, issue 1 to present – for Bioscience (back to 1964), Conservation Biology (back to 1987), Journal of Ecology (back to 1913) and Journal of Environmental Planning & Management (back to 1948). The total number of records [was] ... approximately 295,000, and full text [was] ... provided for more than 4,600 records from open access titles.

GreenFILE™ offers well-researched information covering all aspects of human impact to the environment. Its collection of scholarly, government and general-interest titles includes content on global warming, green building, pollution, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, recycling, and more. The database [currently] provides indexing and abstracts for more than 384,000 records, as well as Open Access full text for more than 4,700 records.

Direct Subscriber Access: [http://www.greeninfoonline.com]

Includes: Directory of Indexed 'Publications' (w/Coverage Data) ; 'Subject Terms' (Green Thesaurus)

Primary Source

Publishing: Espresso Book Machine For OECD New Sustainability Book

Green publishing launch for OECD primer on Sustainable Development

01/12/2008 - A new OECD book on sustainable development will practice what it preaches by using innovative low-carbon publishing technology for sales in far-flung global markets.


As part of its worldwide launch on 2 December 2008, ‘OECD Insights: Sustainable Development’ will be printed and sold in an Australian bookshop, using one of Time magazine’s Inventions of the Year - the Espresso Book Machine from On Demand Books



[http://www.ondemandbooks.com/].

Brochure w/Spec Sheet

[http://www.ondemandbooks.com/docs/EBM_Brochure.pdf]

In choosing the Espresso Book Machine to launch the book, OECD is taking advantage of technology to go beyond standard publishing practice. Normally, books are printed in one place, shipped worldwide to distributors and then forwarded to booksellers, generating a significant carbon footprint. Espresso Book Machines will print ‘OECD Insights: Sustainable Development’ for sale on site, as needed in locations in the U.S., Canada, the UK and Egypt, as well as in Australia.

‘OECD Insights: Sustainable Development’ will still be published using traditional methods in markets where the new technology is not yet installed. As technology progresses, however, more OECD books are expected to be printed for local sale in this way.

“New technology is transforming the publishing industry, giving us the opportunity to reduce significantly our carbon footprint and improve delivery times for customers," Toby Green, Head of Publishing at OECD, said. “Using this approach, publishing can become a “just-in-time” business that is both economically more efficient and friendlier to the environment. Each of the books printed and sold through the Angus & Robertson bookshop in Melbourne, for example, will save 5.8kg in carbon emissions.”

For further information journalists are invited to contact
Toby Green, head of Publishing at the OECD (telephone: +33 1 45 24 94 15).

OECD Insights: Sustainable Development - ISBN 9789264047785.

Book Description / Table of Contents / Order Information

[http://tinyurl.com/5m3wct]

Also available in French

Lancement vert pour un guide de l’OCDE sur le développement durable

Friday, November 21, 2008

Library/Arkansas: Fayetteville Public Library, Blair Library

Fayetteville Public Library, Blair Library Building

  • Location: Fayetteville, AR
  • Building type(s): Library
  • New construction
  • 88,800 sq. feet (8,250 sq. meters)
  • Project scope: 3-story building
  • Urban setting
  • Completed September 2004
  • Rating: U.S. Green Building Council LEED-NC, v.2/v.2.1--Level: Silver (34 Points)

Founded in 1916, the Fayetteville Public Library [http://www.faylib.org/] has long served the town of Fayetteville, the county seat and home to the University of Arkansas. The design for its new home, the first building in Arkansas to be registered and third to be certified through the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED Rating System, developed through a series of more than 40 public meetings that resulted in a shared vision of library design and sustainable public architecture.

Leading the way for green buildings in the state, the building was also located on a site that countered the prevailing wisdom that would have it located in the suburbs, where growth was occurring. The downtown site provides convenience for library patrons and employees and an opportunity to encourage connections between the patrons, the community, and the landscape.

Environmental Aspects

The LEED-Silver library introduced the state of Arkansas to green building, which meant that the project team had to work with both state and local officials to allow some innovative building practices to go forward. Among these were a green roof, waterless urinals, underground cisterns, a construction waste recycling program, daylighting in reading rooms, and material harvesting from the site for reuse in the building.

Although the building uses several modern building practices, its design reflects the historic fabric of the town center. An undulating roof above the clerestory windows of the main reading room and the central hall of the second floor recalls the natural forms of the mountain ranges to the south. Visitors are presented with views to the natural world to consider and reflect upon during their visit, reinforcing the goal of creating a new relationship with the land.

Source

[http://www.buildinggreen.com/hpb/overview.cfm?projectid=713]

See Also

Blair Library / New Library

[http://www.faylib.org/new_library/]

Building a Sustainable Library

[http://www.faylib.org/new_library/pdf/sustainability.pdf ]

Public Input Yields Greener Library Design

[http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA339608.html]

General

Gale/LJ Library of the Year 2005: Fayetteville Public Library, AR—Five Steps to Excellence

[http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA606406.html]

Projects: Green Library Project: Books For People, Libraries For Communities

Green Library Project is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization based in Austin, Texas USA. We provide free books for families, libraries for communities and access to information using environmentally conscious alternatives.

Green Library Project is committed to improving literacy, reducing waste and working towards a healthier environment.

Green Library Project assists families in gaining access to books with the goal of empowering individuals to better our community.

Green Library Project, cooperating with other non-profit organizations and agencies, plans to construct a sustainable library in the Austin community using green building innovations.

Source

[http://www.greenlibraryproject.org/]

Mission Statement

Green Library Project is a non-profit organization with the purpose of advancing literacy by acquiring, developing, promoting and providing books for people, libraries for communities, and access to information worldwide using environmentally conscious alternatives, innovations, materials, and methods. Towards this end, Green Library Project will undertake the following activities:

  • Implement programs recycling books to children, communities and libraries, schools, and universities in need.

  • Develop programs to improve and expand the quality of books, libraries, and access to information programs of communities.

  • Initiate a program that will build and source libraries with earth friendly designs using recycled materials and sustainable energy alternatives, innovations, and methods.

  • Develop programs that implement and/or support environmentally conscious methods of recycling damaged or outdated books.

  • Develop awareness in the business community, government, and in the general public of the value of books, libraries, and access to information.

  • Allocate funds as appropriate to organizations, agencies, or individuals who can provide books, libraries and access to information programs or products of high quality that are deemed beneficial to peoples and communities.

  • Conduct ongoing planning, researching books, libraries and access to information needs of communities, including new library facilities, and developing, updating, and evaluating progress of periodic written plans for the growth of information resources within those communities.

  • Engage in any other activities that will enhance peoples experiences with books, libraries and access to information worldwide using environmentally conscious alternatives, innovations, materials, and methods.

Source

[http://www.greenlibraryproject.org/About%20Us%20Main%20and%20TOC.htm]

Green Library Facility Program

We are in search of a large facility that can be the Green Library Project incarnate by housing a consolidated warehouse, offices, public spaces, and alternative energy innovations. Green Library Project, cooperating with other non-profit organizations and agencies, plans to build a sustainable library in the Austin, Texas community. Plans for the library include using recycled building materials, rain water collection for landscape irrigation, solar power from photo-voltaic panels, a recycling center and other green building innovations. Our goal is to integrate the library into the community, so that the library has a community feel, a sense of place.

[http://www.greenlibraryproject.org/Green%20Library%20Facility%20Program.htm]

Friday, November 14, 2008

Blog: Going Green @ Your Library

Going Green @ Your Library: Environmentally-Friendly Practices For Libraries And Beyond!

Who, What, and Why

As John Muir wrote “When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe.” The inspirational quote has long guided me in life knowing that my actions - or lack of action - has a profound affect on the world. My other passion is librarianship –freedom and access to all information, ideas, and resources for people everywhere. My goal is to connect these two important aspects of my life and myself as a human being living (temporarily) on this Earth. I am a regular blog reader and contribute post/comments to several blogs but until now, hadn’t found the need to create one of my own.

The excitement of finally seeing “green” practices making national, main stream news has encouraged me to create a Greening Your Library Blog. This blog lists ideas, practices, tools, and techniques to help libraries become more environmentally friendly, save money, and possibly even raise money for their library in the process.So here’s to a greener library and a greener future for all.

Conference: Georgia Public Library Services Facilities Summit, September 9-10 2008

Facilities Summit Adds to Libraries’ ‘Go Green’ Efforts

Libraries across the country are increasingly recognizing green building and sustainable construction as trends worth following. Georgia's public library systems are embracing the green movement and are hoping to take advantage of the energy savings, productivity increases and positive public perception that it brings.

Federal and state government initiatives in the form of tax rebates and credits, heightened demand by communities and dramatic improvements in the quality and variety of sustainable materials are among the many additional factors driving libraries to "go green," explained Nathan Rall, director of Library Facilities, Planning & Construction for GPLS.

"Fifteen public libraries are currently in design or construction utilizing capital outlay funding from the state," Rall explained. "I anticipate that number to increase to 20 or so by the end of the year. [snip]

To help educate members of the Georgia library community about green building and best practices that apply to construction and maintenance, GPLS sponsored its first Facilities Summit Sept. 9 and 10 at the Columbus Public Library. Approximately 50 library directors or their representatives, and even a few of their architects, attended.

The entire opening day slate, led by experts David Greenebaum of SOLINET and Kelly Gearhart of the Southface Energy Institute, was devoted to green building, sustainability and LEED. [snip]

[snip]

"We finally have a full explanation of LEED certification for buildings and its importance in the future of communities across the state," he continued. "Also of critical importance to me was learning the etiquette of selecting ‹ and partnering with an architectural firm. The concept of linking a thorough community-needs analysis, a good long-range plan, an appropriate building program and a design-and-construction team makes perfect sense when you have time to discuss the process from end to end."

[snip]

"Our mission at GPLS is to empower libraries to improve the lives of Georgians," concluded State Librarian Dr. Lamar Veatch, "and this two-day event is an excellent example of what we are doing to encourage visionary leadership and to facilitate collaboration, education and innovation within the state's library community. We look forward to sponsoring the Facilities Summit on a yearly basis."

Source


See Also

Georgia Public Library News / Volume 6, Issue 2 /October 2008